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## Functional Skills Mathematics

## (Entry Level 3)

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## Topic 8: Fractions

A fraction is a way of measuring part of something.

We can talk about fractions of objects.

â…” ("two thirds") of the apples are green.

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We can also talk about fractions of numbers.

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Here are some simple examples:

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½ ("half") of 20 is 10.

½ ("half") of 100 is 50.

¼ ("quarter") of 8 is 2.

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There is an easy rule that will allow you to find any fraction of any number:

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"Multiply by the top number and

divide by the bottom number"

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So, to find ½ of 380, calculate 380 × 1 ÷ 2.

380 × 1 ÷ 2 = 190

To find ¼ of 700, calculate 700 × 1 ÷ 4.

700 × 1 ÷ 4 = 175

To find ¾ of 56, calculate 56 × 3 ÷ 4.

56 × 3 ÷ 4 = 42

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