## Functional Skills Mathematics

## (Entry Level 3)

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## Topic 1: Shapes

2-Dimensional (2D) shapes

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2D shapes have 2 dimensions, e.g. width and height.

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An ellipse has 1 side, no corners, and 2 lines of symmetry.

A triangle has 3 sides and 3 corners.

A square has 4 equal sides, 4 equal corners, and 4 lines of symmetry.

A rectangle has 4 sides, 4 equal corners, and 2 lines of symmetry.

A rhombus has 4 equal sides, 4 corners, and 2 lines of symmetry.

A parallelogram has 4 sides in parallel pairs, 4 corners, and no lines of symmetry.

A kite has 4 sides, 4 corners, and 1 line of symmetry.

A pentagon has 5 sides and 5 corners.

A hexagon has 6 sides and 6 corners.

A circle has 1 side, no corners, and many lines of symmetry.

A sphere has 1 face and no edges or vertices.

A hemisphere has 2 faces, 1 edge, and no vertices.

A cone has 2 faces, 1 edge, and no vertices.

A cylinder has 3 faces, 2 edges, and no vertices.

A cube has 6 faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices.

A cuboid has 6 faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices.

A square-based pyramid has 5 faces, 8 edges, and 5 vertices.

A triangle-based prism has 5 faces, 6 edges, and 6 vertices.

3-Dimensional (3D) shapes

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3D shapes have 3 dimensions, e.g. width, height and depth.